You may think you know everything there is to know about CBD, but you don’t!
CBD, short for Cannabidiol, occurs naturally in cannabis flowers — both in marijuana as well as hemp (we only sell hemp-based CBD in our shop: www.enliveencbdstore.com). It can also be found in other plants as well. It is called a phytocannabinoid because it is a “cannabinoid” that occurs in plants. This will be explained in better detail below. CBD is just one of 113 cannabinoids that have been identified to this point (2019). Of the 113 identified ones, there are 9 primary ones which will also be described later.
Will CBD make me “high?”
CBD contains NO psychotropic properties, unlike another phytocannabinoid you might be familiar with called THC (also explained below). Many people say it contains no “psychoactive” properties, but this is a bit misleading as it does act on the “psyche” as an anti-anxiety and an anti-psychotic.
By saying it is non-psychotropic we are clarifying that it does not produce a “high” like THC does. No matter how much CBD you were to consume, you would not get the feeling of a high whatsoever. You may feel relaxed, or calm, but not high. This is a very important point to understand, because many people are still concerned about ingesting CBD because they don’t want to “get stoned.”
As mentioned, hemp CBD products are not intoxicants. However, if a clinically depressed person ingests CBD products and has a great day for the first time in a long time, it’s obvious that CBD is a powerful mood-altering compound. CBD won’t make a person feel stoned, but it can impact a person’s psyche in positive ways.
Why would I use CBD?
CBD has been proven to have anti-anxiety, analgesic, anti-psychotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-seizure properties. Because it hasn’t been fully studied or endorsed by the FDA, we cannot say it cures these, or any other, medical problems. We can, however, state that it has these properties which can aid your stress, pain, anxiousness, inflammation, psychosis, or seizures, along with some other assistance it can provide to your health and body.
How does CBD work in the body?
Just as we have a circulatory system, nervous system, and digestive system, so do we have what’s called an “endocannabinoid system.” This system maintains our bodies’ balance at a cellular level.
The Endocannabinoid System
In 1992, an Israeli scientist named Dr. Raphael Mechoulam identified a neurotransmitter called a cannabinoid. He found this neurotransmitter while researching how the body responds to cannabis.
A cannabinoid is basically a compound that acts on — and stimulates — cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are called CB1 & CB2 receptors.
What does the endocannabinoid system do exactly?
The endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in regulating a broad range of everyday physiological processes. These processes include regulating our mood, energy level, intestinal strength, immunity, blood pressure, bone density, metabolism of glucose, feelings of pain, stress, hunger, and more. As you can tell, it is an extremely important mechanism to maintain feelings of good health and balance in our bodies.
What happens if our endocannabinoid system doesn’t function properly or if it is chronically deficient or overactive?
By regulating the endocannabinoid system, CBD and other phytocannabinoids can slow – or sometimes even stop – disease progression.
CB1 and CB2 receptors
The endocannabinoid system has receptors (CB1 and CB2) located in the brain, peripheral organs, immune cells and gastrointestinal tract. These receptors communicate with endocannabinoids to regulate many bodily functions. This includes these 7 benefits:
- Pain reducer
- Mood balancer
- Immunity enhancer
- Sleep inducer
- Pleasure provider
- Appetite suppressant (some cannabinoids) and appetite enhancer (other cannabinoids)
- Motor controller
CBD also interacts with critical receptors such as serotonin, dopamine and opioid receptors. These receptors are ones that regulate psychological behaviors like aggression and anxiety, and physiological conditions like pain and inflammation.
When we don’t have the necessary endocannabinoids doing their job, phytocannabinoids (like CBD) can help bring the body back to homeostasis. Essentially, CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system by preventing the breakdown of the body’s endocannabinoids.
CB1 receptors are located primarily on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Because CB1 receptors are found in pertinent parts of the brain, CBD can influence memory, pain, and motor control. CB1 receptors can also be found in peripheral organs and tissues such as the spleen, white blood cells, endocrine gland and also parts of the gastrointestinal, reproductive and urinary tracts.
CB2 receptors are mainly found on white blood cells, in the spleen and in the tonsils. This means that CBD can help with immunity and inflammation.
Our bodies produce cannabinoids constantly. Cannabinoids are made by the system to keep you balanced and healthy. If your body isn’t producing the necessary cannabinoids naturally, then phytocannabinoids — like those found in hemp — are extremely helpful. Whether it is phytocannabinoids or endocannabinoids doing the job, the cannabinoids in question can help regulate mood, stress, appetite, sleep, blood pressure, cognition, motivation, pain, immunity, motor control, inflammation and additional functions.
Endocannabinoids: created by the body, but can be deficient within the body.
Phytocannabinoids: originate from plants; primarily — but not exclusively — cannabis. (CBD is made from industrial hemp and is therefore a phytocannabinoid.)
Synthetic cannabinoids: manufactured in a lab and often used for research.
The 9 Primary Cannabinoids
Psychoactive. It is useful for controlling pain, reducing inflammation, reducing nausea and vomiting, and stimulating appetite. It also aids with insomnia, manages glaucoma, reduces muscle spasms, and protects the nervous system.
Non-psychotropic (what others call non-psychoactive; see difference mentioned above). At any rate, it doesn’t produce a high. It has anti-anxiety effects and is also an antipsychotic. Other applications are as an anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and analgesic. Finally, CBD protects the nervous system, even more than does THC. This makes it a great tool for managing Parkinson’s Disease, seizures, autism, dementia, and for post-stroke therapy.
Non-psychoactive. It is useful for reducing nausea, seizures, muscle spasms, and fighting tumor and cancer cells.
Non-psychoactive. It is also useful for reducing nausea, seizures, muscle spasms, and fighting tumor and cancer cells.
A breakdown product of THC. Great for aiding sleep, and for reducing pain and muscle spasms.
Found only in tiny amounts in a mature plant because it is the precursor molecule that is turned into THCA and CBDA as the cannabis plant develops.
Useful as an antidepressant, a muscle relaxant, an antibiotic and anti fungal agent, and as a blood pressure reducer.
Also found in only tiny amounts. It is good for reducing pain and inflammation, and having antibiotic, anti fungal and anti-cancer effects.
Psychoactive, but less so than THC. It suppresses appetite and can aid in weight loss. It also has anti-seizure effects.
You should now have a thorough understanding of the basics of CBD — what CBD is and how it works on the body. For further information about CBD, you can review more about the health benefits of hemp CBD.